The Buddha taught within a complex, shifting, and dynamic religious and philosophical environment.
His teaching is marked by a conscious and reflective engagement with the views and ideas that he encountered around him. Yet he would always insist that the core of his teaching was based on the direct perception of the truth.
What was new about the teachings of the Buddha? How did they relate to and build on existing ideas?
Please do not forget to read and contribute to the discussions on the Karma & Rebirth course at SuttaCentral.
2. MN101 Devadaha: Jain ideas.
(§ 1–20 in Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation)
3. DN05 Kūṭadanta: brahmanical vs. Buddhist sacrifice.
(§ 9–27 in Maurice Walshe's translation
4. MN056 Upāli: Jain versus Buddhist ideas of kamma.
(§ 1–14 in Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation)
5. MN051 Kandaraka: more on the brahmanical sacrifice.
(§ 10 in Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation)
6. DN02 Sāmaññaphala: ideas on kamma and rebirth of other ascetics.
(§ 15–33 in Maurice Walshe's translation)